Ice Hockey Rules & How to Play Ice Hockey

Ice Hockey Rules & How To Play Ice Hockey
Ice Hockey Rules & How To Play Ice Hockey. (Photo credit:

Ice hockey has two main rules that should not be gone against. Prior to consideration of these ice hockey rules and the penalties they incur, it would be best to generate an overall interest in the game and mull over how to play ice hockey.

Background Information

Springing from England at some point during the late 18th century or early 19th century, Ice hockey is a sport that has spread its tentacles all around Europe, the United States and Canada. The sport is rated as the most popular winter sport in central Europe, the United States and Canada. Over a million, four hundred thousand people play ice hockey in the world and Canada generates lion’s percentage of this number with 34% of the players.

The National Hockey League (NHL) which is the major level for ice hockey players around the world draws many top talented players from all over the world. It presently consists of thirty-one sides from the United States and Canada.

How to play ice hockey

The Objective of the Game

Each side tries to score points. The side with the highest point is announced as the winner of the contest.


Ice hockey is known to be a game of swiftness and strength. In a game of ice hockey, there are three periods of twenty minutes, which counts only when the puck is in play and may be extended to overtime or extra-time or a shootout to get a winner. The ice of the field is typically reserved at 16° for the appropriate and fitting rigidity. The regular size of a hockey field is 16.67 ft by 7 ft (200 in by 85 in), though various fields differ. The players must use their hockey sticks to pass or shoot the puck. Every hockey player must put on skates, pads, and a helmet at all times.

Three referees are mostly in use during a professional ice-hockey game. One of the referees with the players on the rink, and the other referees stay on the sidelines (these are known as lines-men). The referees are meant to put into effect the rules of the game.

Teams, Players & Player Positions

There are six players on each team playing on the rink, of which one is the goaltender whose primary assignment is to keep out the puck from his own net. The defensemen, who are players that try to prevent the arriving play at the blue line of their side, block shots and clear the punk from their net. A hockey team also consists of centermen who are the quarterback equivalent on the rink; they bring the punk up to the attack and do some defensive jobs in trying to keep the play away from their own blue line. The wings are the forward counterpart in a hockey side. By connecting well with the centermen, they try to score points by shooting the puck into the opposition net.


Ice Hockey Equipment
Ice Hockey Equipment. (Photo credit:

Being a physical scope of sport on a dangerous field such as ice, protective elements are obligatory. These comprise of helmets, elbow pads, protective gloves, shoulder pads, hockey pants which are greatly padded shorts, shin pads, mouth guard athletic cup, skates, and a neck protector which could be optional. Goaltenders put on dedicated goalie skates mouth guard athletic cup, huge leg pads, blocking glove, a chest protector, catching glove, a goalie mask, and a large jersey.


The main purpose of Ice Hockey is to strike a puck (a pumped disc made of rubber) all the way through the ice-coated playing surface called ‘rink’ and smack it to the goalpost of the opponent with a hockey stick. Succeeding with the above act means a point. In case of who assist the goal, the last player or in the case of two players who pass the punk before the point is scored are accredited for the assist.


The team with the highest point at the end of the game becomes the frontrunner in ice hockey. In the occurrence of a draw at the end of the game, the game is advanced into overtime and even proceeds into a shoot-out if the winner remains undetermined till a team scores enough points to emerge the victor.

Ice Hockey Rules

There are two main rules in ice hockey of which many other rules in the game are built around. Although a number of fouls are also prohibited in ice hockey.

  1. Offsides: This happens when an associate of the attacking team leads the movement towards the puck over the defending team’s blue line.
  2. Icing: When a player shoots the puck past the centre red line and through the defending red goal line. Icing is not blown if the player’s team is striking a penalty, a member of the side of the player striking the puck touches it before a player from the defending team, or if the puck passes through the crease on its way to the red line.

Fouls in Ice Hockey

  • Boarding: Pushing or tripping a member of the opposing team for which reason the opponent is thrown brutally to the floor.
  • Charging: When a run, jump or charge is made against an opposing member; generally taking more than three steps before contact.
  • Cross-Checking: When a player carries a check with the two hands on his hockey stick and no part of the stick on the ice.
  • Hooking: This happens when a player obstructs or tries to hold back the advancement of an opponent with his stick, while interference occurs when the same act is performed without the use of the hockey stick.
  • Elbowing: When a player uses his elbow to hit an opposition member, it is counted as a foul.
  • Holding: This is when a player holds back a member of the opposition team with his hands or stick.
  • High-Sticking: When a player holds his hockey stick higher than the normal height of the waist of a member of the opposition team and there’s an injury.
  • Misconduct: Anytime the referee calls for a range of misdemeanours which includes the usage of abusive words to anybody or confronting an official’s decision.
  • Roughing: A foul is called when a player or players are reckoned at fault of unnecessary roughness.
  • Slashing: When a player sways his hockey stick at an opposition member or hampers him by slashing with his stick.
  • Searing: When a player stabs an opposition member with the tip of the stick blade while the stick is being held.

Facts Check

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